Friday, April 04, 2003

Greetings from J-List April 4, 2003

Hello from Japan, where the Mazda Miyata is known as the Mazda Roadster, but through unlucky phonetic accident, 99% of Japanese think it's called "Road Star."

Japan is a great place to live, although it's very different from the U.S. Certain concepts that are taken for granted around the world don't really function here. One is the concept that the house you live in has value and the value goes up over time. In Japan, land has value, and if you buy land that has a house on it already, you nearly always tear it down a build a new one -- who would want to live in a "used" house? Getting my Japanese wife to believe that our house in San Diego would go up in value and was an investment for the future was a real challenge. The movement of prices is also quite different in Japan compared with in the U.S. Japan has always been a country that operated on the odd economical principal that "the inflation rate is low, but the prices are high to begin with." True enough, for most of the past twelve years, I haven't witnessed prices going up for anything at all -- and with the beginning of Japan's deflationary problems about three years ago, the prices from many items from Internet access to sushi to beef bowl are actually going down.

For one reason or another, some phrases in English have burned themselves on the collective consciousness of the Japanese, and are quite famous here. If you want to show your knowledge of Japan, pull out one of these phrases and watch the eyes of Japanese go wide with surprise. When an American named Dr. Clark (universally known as "Clark-hakase" HA-KA-say) went to Sapporo to help establish what would become Sapporo University, he left behind the following advice to his Japanese hosts: "Boys, be ambitious!" (i.e., strive to achieve excellence in all that you do). These three words are studied by all Japanese, and somehow manage to pop up all over the place in one form or another -- there's even a manga series called "Boys Be..." that is based on this phrase. When pop singer Momoe Yamaguchi retired from singing, she sang a tearful song to her fans that went "Thank you for your kindness...thank you for your tenderness" and as a result, virtually all Japanese over 30 know this famous phrase. Famous speeches by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Abraham Lincoln ("Government for the people, by the people, and of the people") are studied in school the same way we study Shakespeare in the U.S., too.

At J-List we've enjoyed great success thanks to the support of our wonderful customers like you -- thank you! Sadly, not all the companies we do business with in Japan are so blessed, and sometimes distributors we buy products from go bankrupt. Mitsuboshi, a large toy distributor in Tokyo with over 100 employees, sent us a fax yesterday announcing that they were ceasing business operations. They'd fallen on hard times ever since Toys "R" Us entered Japan in the 1990's, turning the Japanese toy business on its ear, and were also hurt by their old-style business practices, which were fine for the 1970's but hardly suitable for the 21st century. We hope the employees of the company are successful at finding new jobs.

Our special $1 shipping sale on T-shirts is proving extremely popular with customers, and we've sold more T-shirts in a few days than we usually sell in a week. We've got two new designs for you -- a wacky shirt capturing the uniquely Japanese Emergency Exit sign, and another with a great slogan of "Baka Gaijin" (stupid foreigner). Also, a stylish new color is in stock for fans of our newly posted "Beware of Perverts" shirt, too. Don't forget, buy 3 or more and get 10% off too! We hope you love the fresh and wacky T-shirts we've got for you.

For the new update, we've got some excellent products from Japan for you. They include:

  • We love the miniature toys from Japan that are so popular -- and we've got a great set of six authentic Japanese trains rendered in great detail, and all pre-painted -- and full sets of this great series are in stock and available for you to buy!
  • The sushi and Chinese food miniatures we posted on Wednesday proved very popular -- we've added stock of the Chinese food sets today, and more sushi are on their way (you can order the full set if you like and we'll send it to you when they come back in stock)
  • Also, fresh stock of two popular items in the same series: delicious Japanese desserts and family restaurant dishes!
  • For fans of Japanese snacks and food, we've got some great items, including ebisen shrimp crackers, Astro Boy boil-in-bag curry, and more
  • Also, for fans of delicious and healthy miso soup, we've got miso in stock, both Tokyo and Osaka style
  • For Hello Kitty and Sanrio fans, enjoy a fun package of character candy, almost too cute to eat, as well as a cool Kitty Photo Frame Magnet in stock
  • We love Totoro and Sun Arrow's line of licensed high-quality Studio Ghibli toys -- see two new plushes in stock, from Totoro and Spirited Away
  • Also, look for fresh stock of the popular Studio Ghibli music boxes, including the Kodama from Princess Mononoke
  • We've got some cool anime cards sold only in Japan, too, including Tokyo Mew Mew and Inuyasha
  • For fans of Shirow Masamune's new Ghost in the Shell anime series, we've got vol. 4 in stock with you, featuring the 7th and 8th episodes of this incredibly popular animation (region 2)
  • Also, we've restocked the popular high-end designed computer mice by Shirow Masamune and Hajime Katoki -- check them out
  • We've gotten in two nice bento boxes that are of large size and good for hungry eaters, and come complete with chopsticks
  • Also, for fans of our traditional Japanese items, we've got a traditional tray and two miso bowls in stock for you
  • We've got fresh stock of cool portable ashtrays for those who smoke but want to protect nature
  • Finally, look for cute keychains for Paddington fans, delicious Mill Make chocolate milk mix that's a favorite of Japanese school children, authentic Japanese chopsticks, and more!

For our adult customers, we've got many new 18+ products. They include:

  • First, we've got some great Japanese adult magazines for you including the new Gal's Dee, just loaded with beautiful and busty Japanese AV stars like Cocolo and Honey Morimura and Mai Haruna
  • Also, the new issue of Bjam, a super amateur magazine featuring real kogals picked up off the street and taken to love hotels
  • The new issue of Bachelor is in, for fans of really busty women from Russia, Eastern Europe, America and Japan -- this is a special Yulia Nova pin-up issue!
  • Also, a new issue of Anal Shower, a great gouka-bon format photobook featuring some lovely anal girls
  • For fans of Japanese photobooks, we've got some great items, including the sweet nude of Akiho Yoshizawa and a bizarre and fun leg fetish S&M photobook
  • For hentai manga collectors, enjoy the new volumes we've got for you today, including Mamoru Hayakawa's "Lecherous Noble Lady" and the very erotic "Shake" by Mujin Comics
  • Also look for fresh stock of many manga volumes, including the Pururun Seminar series!
  • Also, we've stocked some new doujinshi for you, recently released volumes, although stock is very limited!
  • For DVD fans, we've got some great items for you, starting with a great Azumi Kawashima re-release DVD at a "thanks price" (region free)
  • For fans of the popular European Girls adult DVDs, we've got a super new one, Japanese men vs. beautiful Berlin Girls of Germany -- they will knock your socks off! (region free)
  • For fans of the sultry Ran Asakawa, enjoy super erotic performances in authentic fuzoku (soaplands) in Tokyo (region free)
  • There are thousands of beautiful girls dying to break into the professional AV world, and in a new SOD project, you can see how far they're willing to go in the SOD AV idol job interviews (region free)
  • The Black Semen series from Moodyz, which pits beautiful Japanese girls against a room full of big black guys from Los Angeles, continues, this time featuring the lovely Kirari Koizumi as the lovely target (region 2)
  • See the double lesbian kogals Reiko Kikuchi and Ria Nanase in an incredible slutty performance that shows some of the great innovation of Japan's indies studios (region 2)
  • Finally, we've got a great restocking of popular DVDs for you, including Oshiri Factory, Let's Lesbian vol. 2, Kuru Milk 2003, the new Sperm Lesbian, and the oh-so-popular Testicles Kick of Amateur Girls, for fans of the Japanese ball-kicking fetish known as tamekeri!

Don't forget that J-List has a super sale right now for fans of DVDs from Japan: buy 4 or more DVD titles, and get 15% off! Since J-List has hundreds of fabulous titles in stock -- would you believe we've got over 700 different DVDs? -- we know there are some great items waiting for you to find them. The 15% sale covers *all* the great DVDs we stock!

Remember that J-List carries authentic Japanese "loose socks" in two different sizes, and also carries "socks glue" which you can use to glue your socks to your legs to hold them up. Worn by virtually all Japanese high school girls (except those who go to strict schools where they are forbidden), they are similar to the leg warmers worn in the 1980s in the U.S., and look great when bunched up just so. Enjoy a little slice of Japanese fashion culture courtesy of J-List -- they also go great with the authentic high school uniforms we sell, too! Great for cosplay at anime cons.

Wednesday, April 02, 2003

Greetings from J-List April 2, 2003

Hello from Japan, where a corn dog is known universally as an "American Dog."

For a country that loves English enough to make cars named Mazda Bongo Friendy and Mitsubishi Bravo Exceed and Nissan Sunny, you'd think there'd be a lot of English in use here. Well, outside of people who happen to work alongside foreigners in special jobs (like the Japanese staff of J-List), there isn't any more English in daily use in Japan than there is French in the U.S. Although every can of beer and canned coffee has a decorative English description on it -- "Sapporo beer is made from the finest hops for a delicious taste and refinement" -- you'd be surprised how easy it is to find yourself standing on a train platform in rural Japan with not a single sign in English telling you which train to get on. Since I read Japanese, I tend not to notice it that much, but whenever I've got friends from the U.S. out for a visit, I realize how difficult little things like getting around the country can be. The Japanese do their best to promote "internationalization" but it can be a tall order for them, especially as you move away from cities like Tokyo.

To successfully study a language, one thing you need to do beyond learning the grammar and vocabulary is to craft overall strategies for communication, even if it means using hand gestures or drawing pictures to show meaning. One strategy for communication that's used by Japanese when speaking English (and by me at times, in Japanese), is the non sequitur, a reply that can be used as a response to just about any question, whether you understood it or not. Back in my bachelor days, I went to a live orchestra performance and was surprised to hear that the organizers had "randomly" chosen three people from the audience to get up and conduct the orchestra: a cute old woman, a little girl, and funny American, namely me. I got up on the conductors podium, trying to ignore the hundreds of people with their eyes focused on me, and lead the Maebashi Philharmonic Orchestra in the first few bars of Beethoven's 5th. I only got a little ways into the music, because my total lack of timing caused the musicians to ground to a halt soon after they started. When I was done, the MC asked me some questions about where I was from, how I liked my first time conducting an orchestra, and...something else, that I didn't happen to catch. Rather than embarrass myself in front of so many people by asking the MC to repeat herself, I gave her an answer that would fit just about anywhere in Japanese: "So desu ne" (literally "Yes, that's is so"). I hope I fooled her.

Cellular phones are ubiquitous in Japan, with people from all walks of life from elementary school students to the elderly carrying them. Japanese phones are quite advanced and cool to look at, and virtually all have full color screens. NTT DoCoMo and competing companies let you surf the web (or a subset of the web, at least) with your phone, and download Java-based applications like virtual idols and even dating-sim games to your phone. Phones can be programmed to replace your TV remote control, and phones with cameras and MP3 players built into them are quite common (some even record short MPEG-4 movies). Another up-and-coming application for phones is an alarm clock feature that gently wakes you up with natural sounds that crate alpha waves in your brain as you wake up. The 3G wars are heating up in Japan as well, with NTT's home-grown FOMA phone system going head to head against KDDI's system that's based on Qualcomm's CDMA. I personally prefer the CDMA phones, as they function as 3G phones near cities and as standard cellular phones when you're out of the 3G area.

We're proud and happy at the cult status our funny Japanese T-shirts, with messages like "Looking for a Japanese Girlfriend," have attained. This month, we're offering a special $1 shipping sale, with shipping on all T-shirts to the U.S./Canada just $1 per shirt. (International customers pay just $3 per shirt.) This is a wonderful opportunity to get a whole bunch of our bizarre Japanese T-shirts and save a bunch of money on the shipping -- they make great gifts, too. All our shirts are 100% cotton quality T-shirts that are full U.S. sizes, and all are printed in the USA. If you're unsure about your size, you can click the "T-shirt sizes" link below each shirt description to see the measurements in inches and centimeters.

Also, announcing the Spring DVD sale! To say thanks for your past and current support of J-List, we're giving 15% off any four or more DVDs from Japan, with all the DVDs we sell included in the sale. To get the special discount, just add four or more DVDs to your shopping cart. The discount will be applied automatically at checkout. Thanks for helping to make J-List such a success!

For the new update, we've got some excellent products from Japan for you. They include:

  • We're big fans of cool things from Japan, and we love the authentic miniature food replicas from Re-Ment. We've gotten stock of two cool miniature food series, Kaiten Zushi (sushi) and the authentic Chinese food of Yokohama's Chinatown district, with full sets available for you!
  • For fans of Hayao Miyazaki's Totoro, we've got another excellent ceramic music box, super for collectors and very cute, as well as a major restocking of Studio Ghibli plush toys
  • Also, a really cool item, a deck of high-quality playing cards for fans of Spirited Away
  • J-List carries various anime and idol trading cards, and we've got the cool new series of You're Under Arrest in stock for you
  • For Tokyo Mew Mew fans, a new series of chrome gold cloisonne pins (e.g. "pin badge" as they're known in Japanese)
  • Also, we're big fans of the large-scale pre-painted anime statues that are so popular in Japan -- enjoy a beautiful cold cast figure from Love Hina, in stock now
  • We've got some great Japanese food and snack items for you, including a deluxe package of Pucca fish-shaped chocolate-filled cookies, and authentic salmon chazuke, delicious food made with green tea that you sprinkle over white rice then eat as a soup -- yum
  • Also, we've got two great varieties of tea, including tasty oolong tea bags Tochu tea, which absorbs sugar in your system (great for dieting)
  • We love Japanese swimsuit idols and Race Queens, and have a great photobook for fans of Yui Ichikawa featuring the lovely girl modeling many Japanese high school uniforms in fold-out posters
  • Also, for fans of Japanese swimsuit idols who want to sample the most beautiful, we've got a superb Hyper Product Revolution, featuring the sexy works of 14 famous idols including Yuko Ogura, Chinatsu Wakatsuki, Megumi, Eiko Koike, Harumi Nemoto, and more (region free)
  • Look for fresh stock of several popular items by master illustrator Shirow Masamune, including his bilingual Ghost in the Shell manga and Jashin Hunter illustrated Japanese novels
  • For fans of anime DVD from Japan, we've got the 5th and final DVD for She, the Ultimate Weapon, the popular anime OAV series that's released with full English subtitles (region 2)
  • We love items with funny English on them, and have some cool pencil cases and other items for you today
  • We've got a deluxe super-size bento box with included chopsticks, a great item for bento fans with hungry appetites
  • We carry uncensored hentai anime DVDs in our San Diego office, and have several cool ones in stock for you, including Kamyla, Pure Mail, DNA Hunter and more -- see them all today
  • We've got fresh stock of several cool sushi and kitchen related items, including Japanese miso soup bowls, sushi making molds and more
  • Finally, look for cute "Pop Animal" items, more of the three-colored cat Japanese mirrors, fresh stock of the red-hot Hello Kitty block figures, Japanese bento items including cutters that make a sausage into a cute octopus for bento, some great Japanese study items, and more!

For our adult customers, we've got many new 18+ products. They include:

  • For fans of Japan's popular adult magazines, we've got several nice items for fans of authentic Japanese amateurs, including Magazine Junk and I Want You to Look At Me
  • Also, for fans of Japan's street kogal erotica, a new issue of Sen Nin Giri
  • We just love Japan's gorgeous hardcover photobooks, filled with high quality glossy photos -- enjoy yet another red-hot Yuko Ogura item in stock today!
  • For fans of Japan's beautiful nude photography, we've got a "Chinkame" format pocket sized photobook featuring the lovely Nao Oikawa
  • For hentai manga fans, we've got some great new books in stock, including a new Excellent series anthology work featuring waitress uniform fetish themes, a superb bondage manga from Apple Comics and the ultimate "Manual of Maid Training" by Hit Comics
  • We've also got a new comic for Japan's yaoi comic fans, by the talented Kazuna Uchida
  • Also, for doujinshi fans, we've got a selection of new items for you, including the incredibly talented Galaxy 999 erotica of Q-Bit and cat girl hentai doujinshi
  • If you love the popular Viper hentai games from Sonya, we've got the new Viper RSR art book back in stock for you
  • Also, don't miss out on getting Hana Fuda, a supremely illustrated erotic story told in glossy color pages
  • We've also posted G-Taste Vol. 6 for preorder, for fans of Hiroki Yagami's popular hentai illustrations
  • For our DVD fans, we've got many great new items for you, starting with the sweet sex of Sora Aoi (whose name means "blue sky"), one of our favorite Japanese "good girl" idols (region free)
  • Enjoy the bukkake of the Japanese-style beauty Miki Amatsuka in a new release from Soft on Demand (region free)
  • Also from SOD, the lovely Kokoro Amano experiences her first lesbian sex in a super release featuring man innovative concepts including plastic wrap and filming from below through plexiglass (region free)
  • We're big fans of Sayaka Tsutsumi's cute face and erotic sexual performance style -- enjoy a super new "gorgeous actress meets semen shower" release from Moodyz, featuring some of her best bukkake work ever (region 2)
  • From Audaz enjoy the lovely bukkake works of Ami Hinata featuring some of the incredible action that made this company so famous in Japan
  • Finally, look for various newly restocked DVD titles from Japan's top indies and pro studios!

Remember that J-List carries great region free DVD players, with three different models to choose from. Our lowest-priced model, the Sampo DVE-612, is a great buy and we recommend it for anyone wanting to play DVDs from different regions, as well as PAL discs from Europe. Unfortunately the 60 or so units of the DVE-612 we've got in stock are the last we'll be getting, so if you want one of these great players we recommend that you hurry. Also, we're backordered on the OITO small-footprint players and hope to get them in within 2 weeks or so. We've got plenty of the Cyberhome progressive scan player in stock.

Also, we carry all the current varieties of Glico's delicious Pocky chocolate pretzel snack. Unfortunately, summer is a hot and humid time in Japan, and chocolate melts, so we're unable to carry Pocky after May 15 or so. If you want some delicious Japanese Pocky, order it now!

Monday, March 31, 2003

Greetings from J-List March 31, 2003

Hello from Japan, where it's very impolite to stick your chopsticks upright into your rice ("only dead people do this").

Well, the big day has come, and my daughter has graduated from the preschool (hoikuen) that she's gone to for the past four years. In Japan, the concept of "day care centers" don't exist -- instead there are structured preschools which take care of children during the day, called Hoikuen, which are specifically for households where both parents work. If you'd like to see pictures of the ceremony, I've posted them on my personal homepage at (click on "Japan Picture Collection" on the left side of the page).

The day of the graduation was a sad day too, though: the father of one of the children in Rina's class died the night before after a long illness. The suddenness of this was a big shock to everyone, and we felt very sorry for poor Keita-kun, who couldn't attend his own graduation ceremony. I attended the funeral with my wife today, my first funeral ever in Japan. It was an interesting experience, being one of the 100+ attendees crowding into the municipal funeral hall, bringing a small cash gift, giving a bit of incense to the memory of the deceased beneath a picture of him smiling, then offering my condolences to his family. Many of the customs in Japan -- don't give gifts in sets of four, for example, as the number four in Japanese is "shi" which also means death -- are related to death and dying, and in general, Japan can be a very death-centric place. Still, at times like this, I believe the various Japanese social customs related to death help people to deal with this unfortunate part of life.

Japan television never fails to entertain. One popular show called London Hearts puts one man on a train with three beautiful women -- famous idols like Harumi Nemoto or Yinling. As the train goes along, the man and the three girls flirt about various topics, until the train comes to the next stop. Then the man must choose one woman to boot off the train, and it's always funny to see which girl he chooses and why. After one girl is removed, a new idol or Race Queen gets on and they do it all over again. All the while, the popular Japanese comedian team London Boots watches through hidden cameras and makes sarcastic commentary about the flirting skills of the various girls as they try to get the man to let them stay on the train until the end. In another fun concept on the same show, a man tests the faithfulness of his girlfriend by sending the Sniper, a handsome man adept at picking up women, to try to pick up on his girlfriend. If the Sniper succeeds and gets the girl to take him home with her, they walk into her apartment to find her boyfriend and London Boots sitting there with a camera crew to catch them on television.

For the new update, we've got some excellent products from Japan for you. They include:

  • First, for fans of our world-famous funny Japanese T-shirts, we've got a great new one in stock for you, featuring a bizarre and funny message that will really get attention from Japanese who see you wearing it
  • For fans of Hayao Miyazaki's excellent films, we've got a great music box of the Shishigami, the Boar God from Princess Mononoke
  • For fans of Japanese snacks, we've got some great new items, including soft Melon candy, berry & milk flavored butterscotch, and tasty Choco Flake "Blocky" squares
  • Also, delicious Super Grape Gum that fizzes in your mouth
  • For Japanese toy collectors, we've got some nice new items, including a beautiful large-scale Japanese high school doll that you can pose and display anywhere
  • Also, an extremely special item for Totoro fans, a deluxe Totoro ceramic light that is just beautiful to look at
  • For fans of Japan's famous swimsuit idols like Yuko Ogura, Megumi, and Chinatsu Wakatsuki, we've got fresh stock of the excellent Hyper Genic 2003 photobook, which comes with super posters
  • Also, we've got a super new hardcover photobook capturing the extreme loveliness of Yuko Ogura, one of the most popular faces from all Japan
  • Taiwanese-Japanese actor Takeshi Kaneshiro is very popular throughout Asia -- now you can see the deluxe edition of his latest film Returner, loaded with many extras only included in the first printing (region 2)
  • We carry the excellent computer mice by Elecom, designed by famous Japanese illustrators -- we've lowered our prices on the stylish mice designed by Hajime Katoki, the current main designer of the Mobile Suit Gundam series
  • For bento fans we've got a heavy-duty industrial strength bento box for the hungriest of eaters, made entirely of aluminum
  • We've got more bento and bento related items, too, including fresh stock of several chopstick items, sushi molds, and more
  • Also, a very happy PET bottle case that helps you carry your drink in style along with your Japanese bento box
  • We've got a nice set of collectible idol trading cards, featuring the very sexy Harumi Nemoto, in stock for you
  • For fans of our Japanese hot springs powder, we've got an interesting new variety, coffee-scented bath powder for your bath
  • Also, fresh stock of a popular item: authentic Japanese sushi erasers, which look like delicious sushi but are really rubber erasers
  • Finally, find cool Japanese deodorant beads for your car or home, more wacky Japanese signs for your room, a really nice traditional Japanese saving bank, and more!

For our adult customers, we've got many new 18+ products. They include:

  • For fans of Japan's adult magazines, we've got several nice new ones for you, including the super-erotic Magazine Junk, featuring many lovely amateurs and pro idols
  • We've also got stock of the popular Hip de H, an ass-centric magazine for fans of anal sexual themes
  • We've also got a fun photobook called 58 Hips, featuring the lovely vertical smiles of 58 beautiful Tokyo amateurs photographed amidst a background of everyday Japanese settings
  • Also, enjoy the E cup beauty of the busty Ru Hoshino, as well as a superb hardcover photobook capturing give incredibly beautiful nudes from Taiwan
  • We've gotten in fresh stock of the High School Uniform Pictorial Pocket Books vol. 1 & 2, which offer beautiful photographs of authentic high school uniforms, great for costumers
  • If you love Japan's hentai manga, see the half-dozen new hentai comics, including Tokyo Requium, an extremely beautiful comic with glossy color pages inside, by Nishiki Nakamura and Mujin Comics
  • Also, see a major restocking of hentai comics, including Explosive Nurse by Hiroshi Kawamoto
  • For yaoi fans, we've got another great male-male comic for you about attraction, jealousy and "love skill"
  • We've got some great adult DVDs from Japan for you today, featuring some of Japan's most famous stars, starting with a huge 4 hour "No Cut" release for fans of Asami Joh (region free)
  • Enjoy the super sexy Ran Asakawa in her performance as a female "secretary pet" who takes dictation and a whole lot more (region free)
  • See the super bukkake sex of Asuka Sawaguchi in a new work from SOD's Chujitsudoh label, in which AV director Baba the Baby has his way with Asuka for 48 hours straight (region free)
  • For fans of "dick girls" and the fetish of girls wearing "penis bands" and acting like men, we've got a great work from Deep's for you -- also features "reverse fucking" (region free)
  • From Audaz, we've got a superb "Lesbian Theory Report" offering the highest quality lesbian sex chosen by the directors (region 2)
  • From Moodyz, we've got a great "penis study" DVD in the "clothed female, naked male" series that is very popular (region 2)
  • Finally, we've added stock of the popular Russian and European AV DVDs, including Czech Girls, Hungarian Girls, and French Gals Deluxe.

Remember that our special shipping sale on games ends with the end of the month -- if you want to order as many Japanese love-sim games as you want and pay just $1 per game ($2 for international), you have to do it within before the end of the month. Don't forget that you get 20% off if you buy 4 or more games, too. But hurry!

One of our favorite sites on the Internet hands-down is The Onion, that incredibly funny parody news source that never fails to make you laugh yourself silly. If you're not a fan of The Onion, you should be! The URL is -- tell them J-List sent you.